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Testing Terminology



 

"MUAY THAI KICKBOXING TERMS"

 

 

  • Technical Terminology
    Muay Thai
    • Lop
    • Bat
    • Buok
    • Grajab
      -
    • Pang nga
    • Dtee
    • Dtee mat
    • Yaeb
    • Mat drong
    • Mat at
    • Uppercut
      -
    • Dtoi
    • Dtoi Lom
    • Dtee sawk
      -
    • Sawk chieng
    • Sawk hug
    • Sawk klab
    • Sawk ku
    • Sawk sob
    • Sawk tad
    • Sawk tong
    • Dtae
    • Dtae tao
    • Dtae tad
    • Dtae pub nok
    • Dtae wiang
    • Djog yan
      -
    • Kradot dtae wiang
    • Dtae kradot
    • Neb
    • Teep
    • Teep dan lang
    • Teep duen son
    • Teep drong
    • Dtae kao
    • Kao lod
    • Kao drong
    • Dtai kao
      -
    • Kao kong
    • Kao loy
    • Choraked faad hang
    • Muay plam
    • Ting
    • Djab ko
    • Hook
      -
    • Sawing
    • Faad
    • Chaikrong
      -
  • Competition Terminology
    Muay Thai
    • Nak muay
    • Ao! Jai !Sai!
    • Andap
    • Champ
    • Chok
    • Book
    • Jang wa
    • Yok
    • Fet rao
    • Gamagang
    • Yaek
      -
    • Yud
    • Dadsin
    • Gaan Dasin
    • Faidaeng
    • Fainamnerng
    • Koo ek
      -
      -
  • Bodyparts Terminology
    Muay Thai
    • Gangkeng Muay
    • Kaa
    • Kao
    • Na kaeng
    • Lang tao
    • Tao
    • Aenken
    • Kaen
    • Sawk
    • Mat
    • Hua
    • Na paang
    • Baak
    • Dtaa
    • Jamook
    • Huachai
    • Tong noi
    • Kagangai
    • Kamab
    • Limpee
    • Daihuachai
    • Grammon Srisa
    • Dtai
      -
  • More words used in
    Muay Thai
    • Muay thai
    • Muay acheep
      -
    • Muay sakon
    • Sanam muay
    • Wehtee
    • Sangwien
    • Nuam
    • Paa pan mue
    • Yang gan fan
    • Grasawb
    • Ram muay
      -
    • Yang sam kung
      -
    • Mongkon
    • Kruang Rang
    • Wai Kru
      -
    • Khuen Kru
      -
    • Am nuay phawn
    • Dontree muay
    • Wong
    • Wong muay
    • Gawn Welaa
      -
    • Kru
    • Kru muay
    • Raigaan muay
    • Kai
    • Kai muay
    • Kradot
    • Cha kwa nee
    • Rae o
    • Dtai
    • Namnak
    • Run
    • Kwaa
    • Saai
    • Pee liang
    • Nueng
    • Sorng
    • Sarm
    • See
    • Ha
    • Hok
    • Ched
    • Paed
    • Kao
    • Sib
      -
  • Other thai phrases etc.
    • Sa wadee
    • La kon
    • Aroon sa wadee
    • Sayan sa wadee
    • Ra tree sa wadee
    • Chan shue
    • Khob chai mark
    • Khob ton rub tharn
    • Tharn sa bi dee rhuee
    • Ek thee
    • Chan mai khao chai
    • Shuay chan noi doi ma?
    • Chan ma chark saha rat
    • Tharn wa yarng rai?
    • We la tao rai?
    • Chan pood dai tae pasa
      Anglish
    • Prode pood hai sah kwa nee

-
-

Duck
Block
Shin block, also called kaak
Groin guard - avoiding getting hit
between the legs
dodge - evade
To hit
To hit with the fist
Jab - borrowed from english
Straight punch
Uppercut
The english word "uppercut" is
also understood in thailand
To box - boxing
Shaddow boxing - Forms
Literally: "Boxing Air" - Box with the wind / air
To hit / strike with the elbow
Diagonal elbow strike
Levering elbow strike
Reverse elbow strike
Double elbow strike
Chopping elbow elbow strike
Jab elbow
Smashing down elbow strike
To kick - kick
To kick with the foot
Low sweeping kick
Kick to the outside of the knee
Round kick
Roundhouse kick to the thighs.
Literally: "Piercing the bellows"
Jumping roundhouse kick
Jump kick
Pecking kick with the ball of the foot.
To push with the underside of the foot.
Foot thrust to the rear
A heel push
Pushing with the foot straight forward
Knee kick
Low knee
Frontal knee kick
Knee kick from the side.
Literally: "kidney knee" kneekick to the kidneys
Over arm knee kick
Jumping knee kick. Literally: "knee jump"
Turn Kick, literally: "crocodile thrashes its tail"
Muay thai wrestling
Throw
Grabbing - clinching
A hook. The english word "hook" is also
used in muay thai tha.
A swing. Like the english word "swing"
To thrash, wipe or swipe
Floating ribs
-
-
-

Thaiboxer
Ready to fight or pay attention
Rating
Champion
Fight
Attack
Timing and rhytm
Round
K.O.
The referee
Break or seperate. Referee:
When he wants the fighters to seperate.
Stop - used by the referee
To judge or to decide something
Judging
The red corner of the muay thai ring
The blue corner of the muay thai ring
The most important bout.
Literally: "Number one pair"
-
-
-

The boxers trunk - Upper body
Leg
Knee
Shin
Instep
Foot
Protecting instep and shin
Arm
Elbow
Fist
Head
Forehead
Mouth
Eyes
Nose
Heart
Stomach
Vital point jawbone
Vital point - temples
Vital point - solar plexus
Vital point under the heart
Vital point on the top of the head
Vital point - kidneys
-
-

-

Thaiboxing
Professional muay thai boxing
(where athletes box for money)
Western style boxing (classic boxing)
Boxing stadion
Ring
Ring ropes
Gloves
Bandages worn under the gloves
Mouth guard
Punching bag or bag
The dance performed during the
pre-fight ceremony
3-step muay thai pre fight dance part
of the pre fight ceremony
Headband worn during the pre fight ceremony
Bands worn around the biceps
Part of the pre fight ceromony.
Literally: "Obeisance to teacher / instructor"
The ceremony in which a teacher accepts
a new student
Blessing
The music played during a muay thai match
Band - music playing band
The band playing during the match
Novice fights held before the main fights.
Literally: "before time"
Teacher - instructor
Muay thai teacher or instructor
Boxing program
Camp
Boxing camp (aka muay thai training camp)
Jump
Slower
Faster
To die
Weight
Weight category
Right side
Left side
Seconds
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
-
-

Hello
Goodbye
Good morning
Good evening
Good night
My name is...
Thank you very much
You are welcome
You are welcome (another form)
One more time
I do not understand
Can you help me
I am from the United States
How do you say...?
I cannot speak Thai
I speak english
-
Please speak slower

 


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"BASIC FILIPINO MARTIAL ARTS TERMS"


1. ABECEDARIO=ONE PERSON FEEDS,OTHER PERSON COUNTERS WITH MULTIPLE STRIKES

2. ABINIKO=FAN MOTION (on the same plane)

3. ALA CONTRA=TO COUNTER/AGAINST

4. ALISTO=TO BE READY

5. AMPO=PRAY/MEDITATE

6. BARONG=LEAF SHAPED SHORT SWORD

7. BASKO=DROP STICK

8. BASTON=ESCRIMA STICK

9. BOLO=SHORT SWORD, USED BY FARMERS (ALSO MACHETE)

10. COB COB=TAP,TAP

11. CORTO CURVADO=BEND,HAVE CURVE,1/2 DISTANCE TO ABINIKO

12. CORTO MANO=CLOSE RANGE

13. CROSSADA=CROSS MOTION

14. DAGA=KNIFE

15. DECADENA=SERIES OF STRIKES

16. DUPLETE=DOUBLE STRIKE

17. ELASTICO=BODY SHIFTING WITH FEET PLANTED

18. ENGANYO=TO FAKE/FEINT

19. ESPADA=SWORD

20. FLORETTI=FLOWER-LIKE MOTIONS

21. GUNTING=SCISSOR MOTION

22. GURO/GURU=INSTRUCTOR (ASSOCIATE INSTRUCTOR)

23. HIGOT=TIE

24. HUBAD=UNTIE

25. LUBAD=BLEND

26. HUBAN HUBAN=TOGETHER

27. KALASAG=SHEILD

28. KARENZA=SHADOW BOX

29. KOMBINASYON=COMBINATION

30. KRIS=KNIFE WITH A WAVY BLADE

31. KUNSI-=LOCK

32. LAKAN ISA=BLACK BELT

33. LAKAN GURO=APRENTICE INSTRUCTOR (BASIC-INSTRUCTOR)

34. LA CONTRA=MEET THE FORCE

35. LA SEGUIDA=FOLLOW THE FORCE

36. LARGO MANO=LONG RANGE

37. LEANACONE=THROW

38. LOBTIC=HIT THROUGH

39. LUHOD=KNEEL

40. MAESTRO=HIGH LEVEL INSTRUCTOR

41. MASGURO=FULL INSTRUCTOR

42. MATAAS  NA  GURO=MASTER INSTRUCTOR

43. MANO MANO=EMPTY HAND TECHNIQUES

44. MEDIO MANO=MEDIUM RANGE

45. NUMERADO=BY THE NUMBERS

46. OLISI PALAD=POCKET STICK

47. OTRA VEZ=TO REPEAT

48. PARADA=TO PARADE OR EXHIBIT

49. PARES=PAIRS

50. PAYONG=UMBRELLA/OVERHEAD BLOCK

51. PORMA=FORM

52. PRACTION=TO HIT A FRACTION OF A SECOND BEFORE YOUR OPPONANT STRIKES YOU

53. REDONDO=CIRCULAR STRIKE

54. SAAGAN=DEFLECT

55. SAGAWAS=FROM THE OUTSIDE

56. SALUDO=SALUTE

57. SAYAW=DANCE/KATA

58. SIBAT=STAFF

59. SIGE=BEGIN

60. SIKO=ELBOW

61. SINIWALI=TO WEAVE, TERM USED FOR DOUBLE STICK DRILLS ETC.

62. SUMBRADA=ONE PERSON FEEDS,OTHER PERSON COUNTERS,THEN THEY ALTERNATE A.K.A. COUNTER FOR COUNTER

63. SIPA=KICK

64. TABAK TOYOK=NUNCHAKU A.K.A. CHAKU

65. TEROS=STRIKE

66. TINDUG=STAND

67. TRABAJO PARA=FOOTWORK

68. TOYOK=TURN

69. TUHAD=KNEE

70. ULO=HEAD

71. ULO SA ULO=HEADBUTT

72. WING BLOCK=DIAGNAL BLOCK

73. WITTIC=HIT & RETRACT OR HACKING MOTION

74. SUNTOK=PUNCH

75. HANDA=READY

76. SALADUAN=SALUTE

77. LALAKE=MAN

78. BABAE=FEMALE

79. ATAPI=SLAP

80. HILINE=PULL

81. IKIS=X

82. PLANSADA=HORIZAONTAL POSITION

83. PANGUBAT=LEG DESTRUCTION

84. ALDABIS=DIAGONAL UP STRIKE

85. PAHADAG=DIAGONAL DOWN STRIKE

86. ARCO=ARC MOTION

 

*TERMS FROM OTHER FILIPINO DIALECTS:

 

1. RETIRADA ILUSTRISIMO=STEP THROUGH (ADAVNCE & RETREAT)

2. RETIRADA CABALLERO=STEP & SLIDE SHUFFLE (ADVANCE & RETREAT)

3. ILAG YUKO=DUCKING

4. ILAG LIYAD=BOB & WEAVE

5. TATSULOK=TRIANGLE (FOOTWORK)

6. HABONG PAIWAS=FULL-SIDE STEP

 

 

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"BASIC PRAYING MANTIS KUNG FU TERMS"

 


1. OU,KOU=MANTIS HOOK A.K.A. FALSE HAND

2. LOU=GRAPPLE

3. T'SAI,CHOY=HOOK-GRAPPLE/PLUCKING MOVEMENT THAT ACCOMPANIES ANY STRIKE

4. OU-LOU-T'SAI=LINKED SERIES OF MOVEMENTS

5. KWA=UPWARD BLOCK

6. TIAO=INTERCEPT (CAN INCLUDE TRAPPING SKILLS)

7. CHEN,CHIEN=CONTACT

8. PENG-TA=CHOP

9. SHAN=DODGE

10. NIEN=CLING

11. TIEH=TAG/TRAPPING OPPONANT'S ATTACK

12. KAO=LEAN/DISRUPT BALANCE & THROW/CLOSE-QUARTER MOVEMENTS

13. TUNG=TO STRIKE FIRST/LAUNCHING A STRAIGHT FORWARD ATTACK

14. TENG-NUO=BOUNCE/QUIK MOVEMENT/SKILLFUL KICKING TECHNIQUES LIKE THE HOP-KICK

15. TSO=DENT/TRAP-UPPERCUT/PUNCHING DIAGONALLY UP

16. CHIEN,SHAN=CONTACT-DODGE/SIMULTANEOUSLY EVADE AN ATTACK & COUNTER FROM AN ANGLE

17. TIAO=WARD OFF

18. FENG=GRASP

19. CHUAN=CIRCLE/CIRCULAR STRIKE

20. SHIH-PI=POWERFUL CHOP

21. CHAN=WRAP/HAND TRAPS

22. TOU=FILCH/SUPRISE ATTACK TO OPPONANT'S UNGAURDED REGIONS

23. LAU=SLIP/ATTACK INSIDE OPPONANT'S ARMS WITH A TRAP

24. FAN=FLUTTER/CIRCULAR MOVEMENT OF THE ARMS "WHEEL-STRIKES"

25. TING=PROP/CLOSE RANGE PULL-PUNCH TECHNIQUE

26. PONG=TOPPLE/PRESSING HAND TO BREAK OPPONANT'S BALANCE

27. SHUAI=SIEZE

28. LU=BOTH HANDS APPLYING PRESSURE ON OPPONANT'S ELBOW

29. TI=HANG/LOWER REGION DEFENCE WHILE ATTACKING HIGH

30. TAN=SPRING/SKILL OF EXPANDING & CONTRACTING FINGERS

31. TO=CAST-OFF/DISLODGING OPPONANT'S CONTROL

32. CHIU=SPROUT/SIMULTANEOUS UPWARD KICKING METHODS WITH MANTIS HAND TRAP & UPPER AREA STRIKES


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"BASIC JUN FAN GUNG FU TERMS"


Part I - General Terms

Kwoon - School, gym, institute, place of training

Joap Hop - Group together, line up

Jyu Yee - Come to attention

Yu Bay - Ready

Hay, Hey - Begin

Gin Lai - Salute

Jeet - To stop or intercept

Kune - Fist

Jeet Kune Do - Way of the Intercepting Fist

Sifu - Instructor

Simu - Female Instructor

SiGung - Instructor's Instructor

Sijo - Founder of the system

Don Chi Sao - Single-arm sticking hands

Seong Chi Sao - Double-arm sticking hands

Poon Sao - Rolling arms

Gor Sao - Chi sao sparring

Phon Sao - Trapping hands

Lin Sil Die Dar - Simultaneous defense and attack

Tek - Kick

Jung Seen - Centerline

Ha Da - Low hit

Jung Da - Middle hit

Go Da - High hit

Mook Jong - Wooden Dummy

Sil Lim Tao - First Wing Chun form

Bi Jong, Bai Jong, By Jong - On-guard position

Jee Yao Bok Gik - Freestyle sparring

Fa Kune - Flowery, ineffective style or method



Part II - Specific Strikes

Chung Chuie - Vertical fist

Biu Jee, Bil Jee - Thrusting finger, finger jab

Qua Chuie, Gwa Chuie - Backfist

Oou Chuie - Hook punch

Ping Chuie - Horizontal fist punch

Jin Chuie - Uppercut

Choap Chuie - Half-knuckle fist punch

Woang Jeong - Side palm smash

Yun Jeong - Vertical palm smash

Jao Sao - Running hand palm smash, hooking palm smash

Sat Sao - Slicing hand, palm down chop

Jik Chung Chuie - Vertical fist blast

Jik Tek - Straight kick

Juk Tek - Side kick

Oou Tek - Hook kick

Hou Tek - Back kick

Juen Tek - Spin back kick

So Tek - Sweep kick (Reverse hook kick)

Dum Tek - Stamp kick

Lin Dum Tek - Cross stamp kick (Oblique kick)

Qua Tek, Gwa Tek - Inverted hook kick

Jeet Tek - Foot obstruction, stop kick

Jeet Da - Stop hit, intercepting hit

Sut Da - Knee strike

Jang Da - Elbow strike



Part III - Defensive Terms

Tan Sao - Palm-up hand

Pak Sao - Slapping hand

Mon Sao - Inquisitive hand, asking hand

Wu Sao - Protective hand

Goang Sao - Low outer wrist block/parry

Boang Sao - Raised elbow deflection, wing arm parry

Fook Sao - Bent-wrist elbow-in parry

Bil Sao, Biu Sao - Thrusting fingers block/parry

Jom Sao - Inward chop block/parry

Jum Sao - Sinking elbow parry

Gaun Sao - Splitting block/parry (uses both arms)

Kwun Sao - Rotating arms block/parry (uses both arms)



Part IV - Trapping Terms

Pak Sao - Slapping hand

Lop Sao - Grabbing hand

Lin Lop Sao - Cross grabbing hand

Tan Sao - Palm-up hand (wedging)

Jut Sao - Jerking hand

Gum Sao - Pinning hand

Jao Sao - Running hand

Huen Sao - Circling hand

Heung Sao - Shoulder trap hand

Man Geng Sao - Neck pulling hand

Lan Sao - Bar arm

Tok Sao - Elbow lifting hand

Cup Sao/Kau Sao - Scooping hand



Part V - Lin Sil Die Dar Terms

Tan Da - Palm-up hand with hit

Woang Pak Da - Cross slap cover with hit

Loy Ha Pak Da - Low inside slap cover with hit

Ouy Ha Pak Da - Low outside slap cover with hit

Fook Da - Arm resting on opponent's with hit

Goang Da - Low outer wrist block/parry with hit

Bil Da, Biu Da - Thrusting fingers block/parry with hit

Boang Da – Wing arm parry with hit

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JAPANESE KARATE/JUJITSU TERMINOLOGY

A
Age tsuke rising punch
Age uke gyaku ashi upper block (reverse foot)
Age uke rising block
Ago chin
Ashi waza foot techniques
Ashi foot
Ashibo kake uke leg hooking block
Ashikubi kake uke ankle hooking block
Atama head
Ate waza smashing technique
Atemi striking the vital points
Awase tsuke U punch

 

B
Bassai breaking down the fortress
Budo martial ways
Bunkai application of techniques in kata
Bushido way of the warrior

 

C
Choku tsuke straight punch
Chudan middle or chest area
Chudan choku tsuke straight punch to body
Chudan mae geri front kick to the middle area
Chudan shuto uke middle knifehand block
Chudan uchi uke block from inside out with top of wrist
Chudan ude uke forearm block against body attack

 

D
Dachi stance
Dan tsuke consecutive punches
De ashi harai advancing foot sweep
Deai osae uke pressing block stepping in
Do way
Dogi Uniform for practicing the "Way"
Dojo Practice Hall, literally "Place of Learning the Way"

 

E
Empi uchi elbow strike
Empi elbow
En sho round heel
Eri collar or lapel

 

F
Fudo dachi rooted stance
Fumikiri cutting kick
Fumikomi age uke upper block, stepping in
Fumikomi shuto uke knifehand block, stepping in
Fumikomi ude uke forearm block, stepping in
Fumikomi stomping kick

 

G
Gai wan Outer arm
Gedan Barai Uke Downward Sweeping Block
Gedan Choku Tsuke Straight punch to groin
Gedan Kake Uke Downward Hooking Block
Gedan Kekomi Thrust Kick to groin
Gedan Tsuke Punch to groin
Gedan Uke Downward Block
Gedan Lower body area
Gi uniform - (Note: this term is "common usage, but is not  correct Japanese. Rather the word "gi" is more accurately used in conjunction with  other words to define the type of uniform or uniform article, such as keikogi, dogi, judogi, karategi, uwagi, etc.).
Goshi (or Koshi) Hip
Goshin Waza Self Defense Techniques
Gyaku Ashi Reverse Foot
Gyaku Juji Gatame Palms up Strangle
Gyaku Mawashi Geri Reverse Round Kick
Gyaku Tsuke Reverse Punch

 

H
Hachiji dachi open leg stance
Hadaka jime naked strangle
Hai wan back arm
Hai wan negashi uke back arm sweeping block
Haishoku instep
Haishu backhand
Haishu uchi backhand strike
Haishu uke backhand block
Haito ridgehand
Haito uchi ridgehand strike
Hajime begin
Hangetsu dachi half-moon stance
Hangetsu kata half-moon formal exercise
Hanmi half front facing
Hara stomach
Harai sweeping
Hariken fore-knuckle fist
Hasami tsuke scissors punch
Heian peaceful mind
Heiko dachi parallel stance
Heiko tsuke parallel punch
Heisoku dachi closed feet stance (attention)
Hidari shizen tai left natural position
Hidari teiji dachi left t-stance
Hidari left
Hiji ate elbow strike
Hiji suri uke elbow sliding block
Hiji uchi elbow strike
Hiraken tsuke fore knuckle-fist straight punch
Hiraken fore knuckle fist
Hiriki no yosei elbow power
Hiza knee
Hiza geri knee kick
Hizagashira kneecap

 

I
Ichitaita one against many
Ikkaijo first control
Ippon ken tsuke one knuckle-fist straight punch
Ippon ken one knuckle fist
Ippon kumite one step exercise
Ippon seoi nage one arm shoulder throw
Irimi entering
Irimi nage entering throw

 

J
Jo sokutei Raised sole
Jodan Head Level
Jodan Age Uke Upper block against head attack
Jodan Choku Tsuke Upper Straight Punch
Jodan Kekomi Geri Thrust Kick to head
Jodan Mae Geri Front Kick to head
Jodan Uke High Block
Judo Gentle Way
Judogi jacket and trousers worn while doing judo
Ju-Jitsu (also Jiu-Jitsu) Gentle Art
Juji Kumite Free Exercise
Juji Nage Crossed Arm Throw
Juji Uke Cross Block
Jumbi Undo Warming up Exercises

 

K
Kage geri hooking kick
Kage tsuke hook punch
Kaisho open hand
Kaiten nage open and turn throw
Kaiten turning
Kakato geri heel kick
Kakato heel
Kake geri hooking kick
Kake shuto uke hooking knifehand block
Kake tsuke hooking punch
Kake uke hooking block
Kakiwaki uke reverse wedge block
Kakuto uke bent wrist block
Kakuto bent-wrist block
Kamae posture
Kanku viewing the sky
Kansetsu waza joint manipulation techniques
Karate empty hand
Karategi Uniform for practicing Karate
Kata formal exercise
Kata shoulder
Keage snap (kick)
keikogi practice uniform
Kebanashi kick off (snap kick)
Keito uke chicken head wrist block
Keito chicken head wrist
Kekomi thrust (kick)
Kendo sword fighting
Kentsui uchi fist hammer strike
Kentsui fist hanmer
Keri kick
Keri waza kicking techniques
Kesa geri diagonal kick
Ki inner spirit or strength
Kiai yell or shout
Kiba dachi horse (straddle leg) stance
Kihon dosa Basic movements
Kihon kumite basic sparring
Kihon waza fundamental techniques
Kihon basics or fundamentals
Kime focus
Kin geri groin kick
Kiostuke attention (command)
Kizami tsuke jab
Ko soto gari minor outside reaping throw
Ko uchi gari minor inside reaping throw
Koken uke wrist block
Kokutsu dachi back stance
Konoe gaeshi leaf turning wristbend
Kosa dachi crossed leg stance
Ko-shi ball of the foot
Kote gaeshi outward turning wristbend
Kote hineri inward turning wristbend
Kubi nage neck throw
Kubi neck
Kumade bear hand
Kumite free exercise

 

M
Ma ai Distancing
Mae Ashi Geri Front Leg Kick
Mae Empi Uchi Forward Elbow Strike
Mae Geri Keage Front "snap" Kick
Mae Geri Kekomi Front Thrusting Kick
Mae Geri Front Kick
Mae Hiji Ate Forward elbow smash
Mae Tobi Geri Jumping Front Kick
Maeude deai uke Forearm pressing block
Maeude hineri uke Forearm twist block
Makiwara Striking Board
Masubi Dachi Informal Attention Stance
Matte Stop
Mawashi Geri Round Kick
Mawashi Tsuke Round Punch
Migi Right
Mikazuki Geri Cresent Kick
Momo Thigh
Morote sukui uke Two-handed twist block
Morote Tsukami Uke Two-handed Grasping Block
Morote Tsuke Double Fist Punch
Morote Uke Augmented Forearm Block
Mudansha Ranks below Black Belt
Mune Chest
Musubi Dachi Open feet stance, heel together

 

N
Nagashi tsuke flowing punch
Nage waza throwing techniques
Nai wan inner arm
Naihanchi iron horse
Nakadaka ippon ken middle finger one knuckle fist
Nami juji gatame half cross strangle
Negashi uke sweeping block
Nekoashi dachi cat stance
Nidan geri double kick
Nihon nukite two finger spearhand
Nikaijo second control
Nukite spearhand

 

O
Obi belt
O soto gari major outside reaping throw
O uchi gari major inside reaping throw
Oi tsuke stepping or lunge punch
Okuri ashi harai sliding (or gathering) foot sweep
Okuri eri jime sliding collar throw
Osae uke pressing block
Otoshi empi uchi downward elbow block
Otoshi hiji ate downward elbow strike
Otoshi uke dropping block

 

R
Rei bow
Reinoji dachi "l" stance
Ren tsuke alternate punching
Renzoku geri combination kick
Ritsu rei standing bow

 

S
Sanchin Dachi Pigeon-toed (or hour-glass) Stance
Sankaijo Third Control
Sanren Tsuke Three Consecutive Punches
Seiken Choku Tsuke Forefist Straight Punch
Seiken Tsuke Forefist Strike
Seiken Forefist
Seiryuto Uke Ox-jaw Block
Seiryuto Ox-jaw hand
Sensei Teacher or Instructor
Shihan Head Instructor
Shiho Nage Four-corner Directional Throw
Shiho Wari Breaking boards on Four Side to test power
Shikko ho Knee walking
Shiko Dachi Square Stance
Shime Waza Strangulation Techniques
Shintai Body Movement
Shitage Uniform Pants
Shittsui Knee-hammer
Shizen Dachi Natural Stance
Shizen tai Natural position
Shomen Tsuke Front Punch
Shomen Uchi Front Strike
Shotei Uchi Palmheel Strike
Shotei Uke Palmheel Block
Shu wan Palm arm
Shubo Arm stick
Shumatsu Undo Cool down Exercises
Shuto Uchi Knifehand
Shuto Uke Knifehand Block
Sochin Dachi Diagonal Straddle-leg Stance
Sode Sleeve
Sokumen awase uke Side two-hand block
Sokutei Mawashi Uke Circular Sole Block
Sokutei Osae Uke Pressing Block with sole
Sokuto Keage Geri "Snap" kick with edge of foot
Sokuto Keage Snap kick with foot edge
Sokuto Osae Uke Pressing Block with foot edge
Sokuto Foot Edge
Soto Uke Block from outside inward with bottom of wrist
Suki Opening
Sukui Uke Scooping Block
Sutemi Waza Sacrifice Technique

 

T
Tai no henko Body change
Tai Subaki No Kihon Basics of Body Movement
Tai Subaki Body movement; pivoting
Taikyoku First Cause
Tameshigeri Test cutting with the sword
Tameshiwari power demonstration, breaking
Tanden Area below the navel and the center of ki
Tatami Mat
Tate Empi Uchi Vertical Elbow Strike
Tate Hiji Ate Upward Elbow Strike
Tate Shuto Uke Vertical Knifehand Strike
Tate Tsuke Vertical Fist Punch
Te nagashi Uke Hand Sweeping Block
Te Osae Uke Hand Pressing Block
Teiji dachi stance
Teisho Awase Uke Combined Palm heel block
Teisho Tsuke Palm Heel punch
Teisho Uchi Palm Heel Strike
Teisho Uke Palm heel block
Teisho Palm Heel
TeKatana Hand Sword
Tekki Iron Horse
Tekubi Kake uke Wrist hook block
Tem ben Nage Elbow Lock Throw
Tenkan Turning
Tobi Geri Jumping Kick
Tobi Yoko Geri Jumping Side Kick
Tori Defender
Tsukami Uke Grasping Block
Tsuke Waza Punching techniques
Tsuke Punch
Tsumasaki Tips of toes
Tsuro Ashi Dachi Crane Stance

 

U
Uchi hachiji dachi inverted open leg stance
Uchi mawashi geri inside cresent kick
Uchi uke inside block
Uchi waza striking techniques
Uchi striking (also inner)
Ude garami coiling armbar/figure four shoulder lock
Ude uke forearm block
Ude arm
Ukae attacker
Uke block
Ukemi breakfalls
Ura tsuke close punch
Uraken uchi back fist strike
Uraken backfist
Ushiro ashi geri rear leg kick
Ushiro empi geri back elbow strike
Ushiro geri back kick
Ushiro hiji ate back elbow strike
Ushiro back, rear
Uwagi jacket worn for martial arts training

 

W
Wake gatami elbow lock
Wan arm
Wanto arm sword
Washide eagle hand
Waza technique

 

Y
Yama tsuke wide "u" punch
Yoko empi uchi side elbow strike
Yoko geri keage side "snap" kick
Yoko geri kekomi side thrust kick
Yoko geri side kick
Yoko hiji ate side elbow strike
Yoko kekomi side thrust
Yoko mawashi empi uchi side round elbow strike
Yoko mawashi hiji ate side round elbow strike
Yokomen Uchi Side strike to head
Yoko tobi geri jumping side kick
Yoko side
Yokomen uchi side strike to head
Yonhon uchi four finger spearhand
Yonkaijo fourth control
Yubi finger
Yudansha black belt level

 

Z
Za-rei Kneeing Salutation (bow)
Zenkutsu Dachi Forward Stance

 

 

USEFUL EXPRESSIONS

Ohayo Gozaimasu "Good Morning"
Ohayo "Good Morning"
Konnichiwa "Good afternoon", "hello"
Kondanwa "Good Evening"
Oyasuminasai "Good night"
Soyonara "Goodbye"
Dewa Mata "Well then…see you again"
Ja Mata " "
Ja Ne " "
Arigato "Thank you"
Arigato Gozaimasta "Thank you very much"
Domo "Thank you very much"
Do Itashimashite "You are welcome"
Gomennasai "I am sorry", "Pardon me"
Sumimasen "Excuse me"
Wakarimasen "I don’t understand
Mo Ichido Onegaishimasu "Once more please"
Yukkuri Onegaishimasu "Slowly please"

 

JAPANESE COUNTING NUMBERS

1 Ichi
2 Ni
3 San
4 Shi
5 Go
6 Roku
7 Shichi
8 Hachi
9 Ku
10 Ju
 
 
 
 

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BASIC KOREAN TERMINOLOGY

 

 

 

OPEN AND CLOSE OF CLASS

Charyut

attention

Kuki aye

face the national flags

Kyung yet

salute (hand over the heart to the flags)

Baro

return

Sabom-nim aye

face the instructor

Kyung yet

salute (bow to instructor)

NOTE: Now days it is customary in Korea to salute the flags with the hand to the heart and to salute the instructor with a bow.

COUNTING - Korean version

  1. hana
  2. dul
  3. set
  4. net
  5. dah sawt
  6. yaw sawt
  7. ilgop
  8. yaw dawl
  9. ah hope
  10. yawl

COUNTING - Chinese version

  1. ill
  2. eeh
  3. sahm
  4. sah
  5. oh
  6. yuke
  7. chill
  8. pahl
  9. khoo
  10. ship

MARTIAL ARTS

Tae kwon do

foot hand way

kicking and striking with the hand and foot

Kong Soo Do

empty hand way

old style of Taekwondo

Hap ki do

unity energy way

joint locks and takedowns, with some striking

Yudo (Judo)

gentle way

throws and ground fighting

Sim Mu Do

heart martial way

a blend of all of the above

Sul

technique

 

Hoshin-sul

self-defense technique

 

Kwon-sul

striking technique

 

Chey-sul

throwing technique

 

Mugi-sul

weapons technique

 

Kom-sul

sword technique

 

Bong-sul

stick technique

 

Khal-sul

knife technique

 

Chong-sul

gun technique

 


FORMS TRAINING

Charyut

attention

Kyung yet

salute - bow to instructor, or hand over art to the flag

Joon bi

ready

Shee jak

begin

KongSooDo Style Color Belt Forms:

  • Kibon Hyung (basic form, 1-5 forms)
  • Pyung Ahn (peaceful mind, 1-5 forms)
  • Chulgi (iron horse, 1-2 forms)

OTHER TERMS

Do jang

training hall

Chae yook kwan

fitness center (common term for martial arts school in Korea)

Dobok

uniform: do-way bok-clothing

Dee

belt

Gup

grade (for white and colored belt students)

Dan

rank (for black belt holder)

Deh Han Min Kook

Republic of Korea. This is usually shortened to “Deh Han” which means the same.

Hyup Hae

association (often shortened to Hae)

Below is a listing of several Korean martial arts associations with similar titles:

Deh Han Simmudo Hyup Hae

Korea Simmudo Association

Deh Han Taekwondo Hyup Hae

Korea Taekwondo Association

Deh Han Hapkido Hyup Hae

Korean Hapkido Federation

Deh Han KyukTooKi Hyup Hae

Korea KyukTooKi Association

Deh Han Yudo Hyup Hae

Korea Yudo Association


PERSONAL TITLES

Some people may be led to believe that the term "KwanJangNim" means grandmaster. In some martial arts circles today this title is used with such reverence as to keep us in awe of the great and almighty "KwanJangNim".

If you take a close look at the Korean language you’ll find the following information to be true:

Kwan is actually a suffix of the term “chae yook kwan” a common term in Korea used now days for "dojang".

Chae yook means fitness athletic training, physical education, or Chae yook kwan means fitness or athletic center.

Kwan is also the suffix of "toh suh kwan" meaning library, "pang muhl kwan" meaning museum, or "mee sul kwan" meaning fine art museum.

Jang means director with nim as a common respectful suffix. Therefore, kwan jang can be the title for the director of a library, a museum, an art center, as well as the owner of a martial art school (with "nim" added for appropriate referral of respect).

The idea that "kwanjang-nim" means master or grandmaster most likely comes from a common standard among martial artists in Korea. That standard is to own a martial arts school one must be a 4th Dan black belt and is then called a "kwanjang-nim". The assumption is that kwanjang-nim means master, when it truly means the owner/director of a martial arts school commonly referred to as a chae yook kwans (fitness center).

Without owning a martial arts school, a 4th Dan and above would be referred to as a "sabom-nim". This is a title given to someone who is a qualified instructor of a particular subject of study that is usually sports related.

Sonseang-nim:

teacher

  • general term for teacher of any subject
  • respectful form of the word “you”

Sabom-nim:

martial arts instructor (in Korea 4th Dan and above)

  • In the USA a black belt of any level may teach martial arts. Therefore, the title "Sabom-nim" is sometimes used by native Koreans to refer to the martial arts instructor

Kwan jang-nim:

owner of a martial arts school

  • kwan - derived from the term Chae yook "kwan" (literally: fitness center)
  • jang - a suffix term meaning head, chief, or director of
  • nim - a respectful suffix added to a person’s title
  • The term "kwnajangnim" does not literally mean master. In the past only 4th Dan or above could own a martial arts school in Korea. Therefore this term is sometimes used in the USA to refer to "master"
  • In the USA a black belt of any level may own/operate a martial art school. Therefore, the title "KwanJangNim" is often used by native Koreans to refer to the school owner.

Chong kwan jang:

Means the head or chief Kwan jang.

Hae jang-nim:

president or head of an association

  • Hae refers to association
  • jang - a suffix term meaning head, chief, or director of

Suseung-nim:

This is the actual Korean term for a student's master. This term is used only on a student to instructor level. It refers not to the ownership of a martial arts school, but to the student / instructor relationship.

Hakseang:

student

Taekwondo-in:

Taekwondo(ist) practitioner of TKD

Hapkido-in:

Hapkido(ist) practitioner of HKD

Yudanja-nim:

black belt holder


GREETINGS

How are you? Are you at peace? (casual)

Ahn young ha say yo?

How are you? Are you at peace? (formal)

Ahn young ha shim nee kkah?

I'm pleased to meet you

Pan gahp sum ni da.

Yes (either one is correct)

Ney or Yey

No

Ah nee yo

I am "name"

Chaw nun "name" im ni da.

Thank you.

Kam sa ham ni da.

You are welcome.

Chon man ney yo.

I'll see you again.

Ta shi man ah yo.

Good bye (to the person staying)

Ahn young hee gay ship shi yo.

Good bye (to the person leaving)

Ahn young hee gah ship shi yo.